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Southwest Norway, Medieval Scandinavia and Ancient Genealogy
Odin (Woutan, Woden), King of Scandanavia

Odin (Woutan, Woden), King of Scandanavia[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8]

Male Abt 215 - Yes, date unknown

Personal Information    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    All

  • Born  Abt 215  of Asgard, Asia or, East Europe Find all individuals with events at this location  [9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14
    Gender  Male 
    Died  Yes, date unknown 
    Person ID  I008208  Norway / Medieval Scandinavia
    Last Modified  8 Mar 2012 

    Father  Fredalaf-Bor (Frithuwald) Buresson,   b. Abt 190, of Asgard, Asia or, East Europe Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Relationship  Birth 
    Mother  Beistla Boltornsdatter,   b. 194, Asgard, Asia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Relationship  Birth 
    Family ID  F003537  Group Sheet

    Family 1  Frigg (Friege, Frea),   b. 219, of Asgard, Asia or, East Europe Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Alv Odinsson,   b. 54 B.C.,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. NN Odinsson,   d. Yes, date unknown
     3. Sige Odinsson,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. Hulmul,   b. 50 B.C.,   d. 30 A.D.
     5. Skjold, King of Danes,   b. 190
     6. Wægdæg (Waddy), King of East Saxland,   b. Est 235, Northumbria, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     7. Witte I (Vectæ, Wecta),   b. 300,   d. 350
     8. Wihtlæg (Whitley),   d. Yes, date unknown
     9. Bældæg (Beldeg, Balder), King in Westfalia,   b. Abt 243, Scandinavia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     10. Casere,   b. Est 280, Scandinavia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
     11. Sexneat,   d. Yes, date unknown
     12. Hoder,   d. Yes, date unknown
     13. Hermod,   d. Yes, date unknown
     14. Bragi,   d. Yes, date unknown
     15. Tyr "the Sky God",   d. Yes, date unknown
     16. Heimdal,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Family ID  F002950  Group Sheet

    Family 2  Skade,   b. 219, Asgard, Asia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Sæming Odinson,   b. Est 235, Uppsala, Sweden Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Family ID  F004109  Group Sheet

    Family 3  Earth,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Thor "God of Thunder",   d. Yes, date unknown
    Family ID  F014396  Group Sheet

    Family 4  Grid,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Vidor,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Family ID  F014398  Group Sheet

  • Notes 
    • The most famous of Norse Gods, but very likely derived from an actual historical person. Many of the old Icelandic and Nordic sagas and documents speak of this man, sometimes with magical powers. Odin migrated from Asgard (near Byzantium). He brought his cheif priest, Njord, with him and they settled in Uppland Sweden, near present day Stockholm. All of the Anglo-Saxon and Scandinavian Kings trace their direct male ancestry to Odin. As shown in this genealogy, there are no fewer than 8 of his many sons that are direct ancestors of Frida Rage.

      Odin's wife, Skade was a daughter of Tjatse. Skade was first married to Njord, but did not want him, so instead she married Odin. Odin had many sons. Sæming was one of the sons of Odin and Skade, according to Snorre Sturluson (Heimskringla). But all other known sons are shown as sons of Frigg. Uncertain as to the real mother of all the sons of Odin. According to Norse mythology, Tjatse (Skade's father) was a jotun (bad god) who was killed by the aeses (good gods). His daughter, Skade (Injury), demanded retribution, and the aeses gave her then Njord to be her husband.

      In the Scandinavian Historical Magazine v1/96 is written: "Odin was no doubt of Pontos King's family. His parents were Bor Buresson and Beistla Boltornsdatter. He lived from about 90 BC to 35 BC. Odin's maternal father, Boltorn, was Mimer's brother and thereby a brother of king Mithridates VI of Pontos. There are many theories about the meaning of Odin's name. His name may be derived from 'Vohtan' - the furious - or from 'Adonai' - master. In his Edda Snorre has mentioned many different names for Odin. When the Gothic historian Jordanes (about 550 AD) identify a Goth near the Black Sea, as the possible Odin, alias Gaut or Gapt, with the real name Cotys, which was a King's name. His wife Frigg was a daughter of king Mithridates VI of Pontos or perhaps a daughter of king Tigranes II of Armenia and of Kleopatra of Pontos. (This ancestry is not what is shown in this genealogy.) Frigg followed Odin on his wandering throughout Europe to the North, probably in the year 47 BC, and they had a son Skjold and probably also the first king Alv of Alvheim in Tune in Østfold. When Odin came with his people to the North, Scandinavia was partly populated by others - perhaps giants 'jotner'."

      -----
      Fra SHM nr. 1/96. Odin var visstnok av Pontos-kongenes ætt. Foreldrene hans var Bor Buresson og Beistla Boltornsdtr., og han må ha levd ca år 90 til år 35 før Kristus. Odins morfar, Boltorn, skal ha vært Mimers bror og dermed bror av kong Mithridates VI av Pontos. Hva Odin selv angår, er det blitt fremsatt en lang rekke teorier om hans navns fortolkning. Hans navn skulle være avledet av 'Vohtan' - den rasende - eller av 'Adonai' - herren. I sin Edda har Snorre benyttet en mengde forskjellige navn på Odin. Da den gotiske historikeren Jordanes omkring år 550 identifiserte goterne med de trakiske geter ved Svartehavet, er det mulig Odin, alias Gaut eller Gapt, egentlig bar navnet Cotys, som var et meget benyttet trakisk kongenavn. Hans hustru Frigg var datter av kong Mithridates VI av Pontos og da muligens datter av kong Tigranes II av Armenia og av Kleopatra av Pontos. Frigg fulgte Odin på dennes vandring gjennom Europa til Norden, sannsynligvis i år 47 før Kristus, og de hadde sønnen Skjold og trolig også den første kong Alv av Alvheim i Tune i Østfold. Da Odin sammen med æsene eller alanene og vanene fra Don kon til Norden, var trolig Skandinavia delvis befolket av høyreiste guroner eller 'jotner', som innvandrerne gjorde til kjemper, da de selv var mindre av vekst. Gutonerne var nok deres fjernere slektninger, og var utvandret fra Svartehavstraktene til Norden tidligere. Vi vet ikke om de var ætlinger av hetittene i Lilleasia, men de og geterne og senere nordboere hadde flere skikker og tradisjoner felles. Ifølge Jordanes, var herakliden Telefos en av Trakias tidligste konger, og hans navn minner om det hetittiske Telepinus. Våre egne hjemlige kilder beretter at Odins stamfar var trakerkongen Tor eller Tror, en sønn av kong Munon eller Mennon og av Troan, som var datter av kong Priamos av Troja, mens Jordanes sier trakerkongen Eurypylos, sønn av Telefos og sønnesønn av Herakles, fikk Priamos' datter Kassandra, som Homer også sier i Illiaden. De ble visstnok kun forlovet, og Eurypylos skal ha vært Priamos' dattersønn gjennom dennes datter Astyoke eller Laodike. I den yngre Edda regner Snorre opp atten generasjoner mellom Tor og Odin, men da Odin må være født ca år 90 før Kristus og Tor eventuelt ca år 1200 før Kristus, stemmer det bedre om en fordobler antallet generasjoner. Det tyder ellers på at de mellomliggende generasjoner Snorre omtaler for en stor del tilhører rekken av Odins ætlinger. Vi vet ikke når personen som skjuler seg bak navnet Odin døde, men det kan ha vært omkring år 35 før Kristus. Hans bosted skal ha vært Vålaskjalv, og dette var det gamle navnet på prestegården i Tune i Østfold.

      Tomsett says: The Prose Edda shows the names of other Sons who became the Kings of Denmark, Sweden and Norway, but I can't find analogues for these in the Anglo Saxon Chronicles. They are Skjöldr of Denmark, Saemingr of Norway and Yngvi of Sweden.

      Prose Edda: Odin had the power of divination, and so had his wife, and from this knowledge he found out that his name would be held high in the north part of the world, and honored beyond that of all kings. For this reason he was eager to begin his journey from Turkey, and he had with him very many people, young and old, men and women, and he had with him many costly things. But wherever they fared over the lands great fame was spoken of them, and they were said to be more like gods than men. And they stopped not on their journey before they came north into that land which is now called Saxland; there Odin remained a long time, and subjugated the country far and wide. There Odin established his three sons as a defense of the land. One is named Veggdegg; he was a strong king and ruled over East Saxland. His son was 46 Vitrgils, and his sons were Ritta, the father of Heingest (Hengist), and Sigar, the father of Svebdegg, whom we call Svipdag. Another son of Odin hight Beldegg, whom we call Balder; he possessed the land which now hight Vestfal; his son was Brander, and his son Frjodigar, whom we call Froda (Frode). His son was Freovit, his son Yvigg, his son Gevis, whom we call Gave. The third son of Odin is named Sigge, his son Verer. These forefathers ruled the land which is now called Frankland, and from them is come the race that is called the Volsungs. From all of these many and great races are descended.

  • Sources 
    1. [S000035] Markhus-2000, Markhus, Bjørn, (Norway: 2000).

    2. [S000039] Rønneberg-2000, Rønneberg, Warren "Skip", (California: Oct 2000).
      "Heimskringla av Snorre Sturlason"

    3. [S000041] Hidle-1972, Hidle, Johannes & Løland, Jacob Sverre, (1972: Dreyer Aksjeselskap, Stavanger).

    4. [S000048] Ferguson-1998, Ferguson, June, (14 Jun 1998).

    5. [S000054] Sturluson-1968, Sturluson, Snorri, (Dent & Sons, London: 1968), p 8.

    6. [S000062] Fettes-2001, Fettes, Ian, (Feb 2001: Australia).
      Tompsett, Brian. Royal and Noble Genealogy. (http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk). Oct 1996 and later.

    7. [S000103] Cooper-Flood-1995, Cooper, Bill, (England, Internet Edition: 1995), Ch 6.

    8. [S000116] Stuart-2002, Stuart, Roderick W, (Genealogical Publishing Co: 2002 4th Edition), p 125, 174.

    9. [S000035] Markhus-2000, Markhus, Bjørn, (Norway: 2000).
      Shows birth as 90 BC.

    10. [S000048] Ferguson-1998, Ferguson, June, (14 Jun 1998).
      Shows 215 AD.

    11. [S000042] Hume-2000, Hume, James, (freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~humefamily: Dec 2000).
      Shows 215 AD.

    12. [S000038] Alen-1997, Alen, Rupert & Anna Marie Dahlquist, (Kings River Publications, Kingsburg California: 1997), p 2.
      Indicates the first century AD.

    13. [S000040] Ashley-1999, Ashley, Mike, (Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc. New York: 1999), p 209.
      Indicates second century AD.

    14. [S000062] Fettes-2001, Fettes, Ian, (Feb 2001: Australia).
      Shows 215.